Nephrotic Syndrome is a kidney disorder characterized by excessive protein leakage into the urine, leading to swelling, low protein levels, and high cholesterol. This condition primarily affects the glomeruli, the tiny filters in the kidneys responsible for cleaning the blood. Common causes include minimal change disease, membranous nephropathy, and diabetes.
Symptoms often include edema (swelling), particularly in the legs and ankles, fatigue, and foamy urine. While the exact cause can vary, it’s crucial to diagnose and treat Nephrotic Syndrome promptly to prevent complications like blood clots and infections.
Medical professionals typically employ a combination of medications, including corticosteroids and immunosuppressants, to manage symptoms and reduce proteinuria. Lifestyle changes, such as a low-sodium diet and medication adjustments, may also be recommended.
Regular monitoring is essential to track progress and adjust the treatment plan accordingly. In severe cases, where conservative measures prove insufficient, more aggressive interventions like kidney biopsy or immunotherapy might be considered.