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Monkeypox Outbreak: What You Need to Know - Mayura Ayurveda & Siddha Hospital
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Monkeypox Outbreak: What You Need to Know

Monkeypox, a viral illness causing a recent global outbreak, has raised concerns. This blog post serves as your comprehensive guide to monkeypox. We’ll explore the causes, symptoms, transmission methods, and effective prevention strategies. Additionally, we’ll clarify the difference between monkeypox and smallpox, and highlight when seeking medical attention becomes crucial.

Understanding Monkeypox

Monkeypox is a viral illness related to smallpox but typically milder. It’s endemic in Central and West Africa, where it’s primarily transmitted from animals to humans. However, the recent outbreak has seen a rise in cases globally, with human-to-human transmission being the dominant mode.

Causes of Monkeypox

Monkeypox is caused by the monkeypox virus, a member of the Orthopoxvirus genus. This virus can spread through contact with infected animals or humans.

Symptoms of Monkeypox

Monkeypox symptoms typically appear within 5-21 days of exposure and can last for several weeks. Here’s a breakdown of the common symptoms:



Muscle aches


Swollen lymph nodes



A rash that starts flat and progresses to fluid-filled bumps, then pustules and scabs

Chart 1: Monkeypox Symptoms Timeline

Incubation5-21 daysNo symptoms
Onset1-3 daysFever, headache, muscle aches, backache, swollen lymph nodes, chills, exhaustion
Rash1-3 days after fever onsetFlat rash, progressing to bumps, pustules, and scabs
Scab formation and healingWeeks 2-4Scabs form and fall off, leaving scars

Transmission of Monkeypox

Monkeypox can spread through various ways, including:

Direct contact with the rash, bodily fluids, or scabs of an infected person.

Respiratory droplets from prolonged close contact with an infected person.

Contact with contaminated objects, such as bedding or clothing.

Pregnant women can pass the virus to their fetus or newborn baby during pregnancy or childbirth.

Monkeypox vs. Smallpox

While related, monkeypox is generally milder than smallpox. Here’s a table highlighting the key differences:

SeverityMilderMore severe
SymptomsLess severe rash, swollen lymph nodes are commonMore severe rash, no prominent lymph node swelling
TransmissionLess contagiousHighly contagious
Mortality rateLowerMuch higher
EradicationNot eradicatedEradicated in 1980

Preventing Monkeypox

Several preventative measures can help reduce the risk of monkeypox infection:

Avoid close contact with infected individuals.

Practice frequent handwashing with soap and water.

Avoid contact with animals that may be infected.

Practice safe sex, as the virus can be spread through sexual contact.

If you have a rash, isolate yourself and avoid close contact with others.

If you experience monkeypox symptoms, consult a healthcare professional promptly.

When to See a Doctor

If you develop a fever, rash, or other symptoms suggestive of monkeypox, seek immediate medical attention. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent complications and the spread of the virus.


Monkeypox is a cause for concern, but with proper awareness and preventive measures, the risk of infection can be significantly reduced. By understanding the causes, symptoms, and transmission methods, you can protect yourself and your loved ones. Remember, early diagnosis and treatment are crucial. Don’t hesitate to consult a healthcare professional if you have any concerns.

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